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Grant Title: "Women Receive Land Titles from Government"
Grant Objectives:
  1. To develop and maintain a database of information on direct women beneficiaries, as well as indirect stakeholders

  2. To form and mobilize advocacy networks of local stakeholders that will protect and promote land rights for women in general and women heads of households in particular

  3. To impart knowledge and skills to these advocacy networks to enhance their effectiveness

  4. To create linkages between these advocacy networks and relevant government offices, enabling them to solicit information, articulate grievances, and play a meaningful role in the post-floods land redistribution process, and land grants allocation for women

Grant Rationale:

Land ownership holds great economic and social significance for victims of the nationwide floods that have swept across Pakistan this year. In cases, forewarned communities did not evacuate for fear of losing their claims to land and property. Many choose now to reside on their plots of land with limited access to aid, rather than in relief camps, for this very reason. Clearly defined and enforced property rights are the cornerstone of economic uplift and recovery. Land rights become even more important in the backdrop of an agrarian economy, given that agriculture employs 43% of the labor force in Pakistan. Women affectees single out land reclamation as the most important step toward re-establishing their livelihood. The majority of them (60%) have identified “farming/landowning” as their chief economic activity. Analysts also predict tribal conflicts over land in the absence of traditional markers, which traditionally involve violation of women’s rights in practices such as swara and honor killings.

Pakistan has traditionally grappled with glaring gender disparities in economic participation and opportunity. According to the Global Gender Gap report, it ranks 133 out of a 134 nations against this indicator. There is a very real possibility that these floods could further sharpen these contrasts, pushing women deeper into economic deprivation and social disempowerment.

A Charter of Rights for Women in Disaster Situations, endorsed by 1500 rural women from across Pakistan demands land reforms and distribution of land among flood victims. However, women’s land rights remain outside of mainstream issues in the face of the vast humanitarian challenge of recovery and rehabilitation for flood victims, which pre-occupies the attention of government and donors. Where government policy reflects these concerns, civil society efforts are needed to buttress their impacts. For instance, the state-owned land distribution project in Sindh has purportedly benefited 4200 poor landless peasants, 70% of them women. However, according to an independent study 50% of these women beneficiaries did not receive corresponding legal documents. This underscores the need for civil society involvement to lend credibility and transparency to government initiatives and enhance voice and empowerment among women citizens.

Expected Impacts:

  • Enhanced information disclosure of public records and increased transparency of land and revenue administration functions of the local government.

  • Legal empowerment of women through institutional ownership of land assets.

  • Enhanced economic participation and opportunities for entrepreneurship, gaining access to credit, entering into contracts, increase savings and investments, etc.

  • Social empowerment of women as members of families, tribes, communities, and villages, derived from increased wealth and opportunities for upward mobility.

  • Political empowerment of women through increased bargaining power to secure the delivery of rights and services from the state, as citizens equal to men.

  • Raised awareness levels of women’s rights in general and women’s land rights in particular, among local stakeholders including the government, media, legal community, and the general citizenry.

  • Enhanced skills of local citizen groups to conduct advocacy focusing on women’s rights.

Target Groups:

Direct Beneficiaries



Ten women landowners per sub-grant with misplaced entitlement documentation

·  Facilitation of just and informed re-demarcation from public land records (where undamaged or copies are available)

·  Free legal assistance incase of disputes and police protection in case of criminal proceedings

·  Coverage of their stories in local newspapers

·  Enhanced skills for advocating for their land rights with the government

·  More gender-responsive land grants administration by BISP and other government programs

·  Women will be identified in the baseline survey conducted at the outset of activities.

·  They will participate in network building events

·  They will attend trainings organized for advocacy networks

·  Certain women will be selected to be interviewed for developing case studies and for featuring in news stories in the local press

Ten landless women per sub-grant without male family members

Ten women per sub-grant eligible for land grants from BISP or other government programs

Indirect Beneficiaries



Five Citizen Community Boards (CCBs) per sub-grant of male and female or solely female membership

·  Enhanced knowledge and skills for conducting advocacy on women’s rights

·  Linkages established with relevant government institutions that improve success rates of advocacy efforts

·  These stakeholders will participate in network building events and attend trainings organized for the advocacy networks

·  Their inputs will also be solicited at the reconnaissance stage that help refine baseline survey design and broader project implementation

Five registered NGOs or CBOs per sub-grant focused on research and/or advocacy for women’s rights

Government institutions including local land revenue administration, BISP, and other land grants programmes

·  Facilitated in recovery of public records damaged by floods for local land revenue administration

·  Facilitated targeting and screening of deserving eligible candidates for receiving land grants for BISP and other government programmes

·  These stakeholders will participate in network building events

·  They will sign MoUs with GINI to secure their commitment at the outset of activities

·  They will share land information as well as information on deaths of male breadwinners for identifying women beneficiaries

·  Their inputs will also be solicited at the reconnaissance stage that help refine baseline survey design and broader project implementation



     1.  Reconnaissance: In each province, GINI will liaise with provincial and local government officials (from flood affected districts), and BISP representatives to gain information on: a) male landowners who lost their lives in the floods, survived by widows responsible for dependents, from the death certificates; b) Unions that have been particularly affected by floods to identify homes/crops/properties destroyed on land owned by women; c) land disputes involving women claimants to ownership, which may be informal or undergoing litigation; d) eligibility criteria, application and screening process for awarding land grants, and any potential awardees identified by BISP and other government programmes (such as the one mentioned earlier in Sindh); e) relevant CCBs, CBOs and NGOs as described above. This process will serve to isolate geographical scope and identify direct and indirect beneficiaries of project activities. It will also help secure the cooperation of local land revenue administration in flood affected areas.

     2.  Baseline Surveys: In each province, GINI will conduct baseline surveys that target the population of direct beneficiaries in target flood affected areas, to assess the pre-intervention conditions of intended impacts against pre-defined indicators.

    3.  Development of database and GIS interface:  GINI will enter the data collected through reconnaissance visits and baseline surveys into a database, featuring a Geographical Information System component for representation of spatial data. This will allow monitoring and evaluation of project impacts against established baselines, through updates provided by Provincial Coordinators.

    4.  Network Building: In each province, GINI will conduct a Mobilization Workshop that will bring together direct women beneficiaries, local Bar Associations, Press Clubs, CCBs, CBOs, and NGOs, and government officials from flood affected areas. At these events, the GINI team will inform participants on their mandate, gain inputs for refining project implementation, and sign Memoranda of Understanding (MoUs) with civil society and government partners securing their commitment toward project interests, and defining their roles in project activities.

    5.  Training: In each province, GINI will contract out local CSOs to conduct 1-day Advocacy Workshops inviting advocacy network members from flood affected areas. Trainees will primarily include representatives of CCBs, CBOs and/or NGOs active in gender rights advocacy in flood affected areas. Training will be based on modules developed in-house by GINI, that impart knowledge and skills required for building teams, setting goals, defining target audience and mapping stakeholders, analyzing policy environment, developing messages and choosing communication channels, making plans and budgets, and raising funds. 

    6.  Advocacy: In each province, GINI will administer honorariums to advocacy network members tied to performance against deliverables specified in their MoUs. For instance, for Bar Associations, a possible deliverables would be the establishment of a Legal Help Desk, which would provide free legal assistance to women land owners/claimants. For Press Clubs, the deliverable would be news stories covering project activities, highlighting the plight of women flood victims and their struggle for land rights, etc. For CCBs, the deliverable would be meetings held with local land revenue administration to advocate on behalf of women landowners or claimants, or assisting women applicants to land grants from BISP or other government programmes. These activities would be managed by a Provincial Field Coordinators, who would also provide administrative support in interviewing women who have been successful in advocacy efforts to gain land grants from the government, and/or reclaiming ownership of their land.

     9. Implementation Plan and Schedule

Implementation will take place in parallel across all Sub-grants or provinces.

Programme Component

Date of Completion


15th of February, 2011

Baseline Survey

1st of May, 2011

Development of Database and GIS component

15th of June, 2011

Network Building

15th of June, 2011


1st of August, 2011


28th of October, 2011


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